John Braxton Hicks (23 February 1823 – 28 August 1897) was a 19th century English doctor who specialised in obstetrics. He was born to Edward Hicks in Rye, Sussex. He was educated privately and in 1841 entered Guy’s Hospital Medical School. He obtained his MB at the University of London in 1845 and an MD in 1851. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in 1866. In 1856 he was appointed assistant obstetric physician at Guy’s Hospital and full physician in 1868.