Neonatal intensive care unit

    A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants. The first official ICU for neonates was established in 1961 at Vanderbilt University Mildred Stahlman, officially termed a NICU when Stahlman used a ventilator off-label for a baby with breathing difficulties, for the first time ever.

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